Non-carcinogenic and Carcinogenic Health Risk Assessment of Metals

In Groundwater via Ingestion and Dermal Absorption Pathways for Children and Adults in Northeast Rajasthan, India

Regular price
Sale price
Regular price
Sold out
Unit price
Shipping calculated at checkout.


Groundwater is the major source of drinking water in both urban and rural India. It is also important source of water for the agricultural and the industrial sectors. In recent years, metal contamination in the aquatic environment has attracted global attention owing to its environmental toxicity, abundance and persistence. The main objectives of the present study are to: (1) investigate the physico-chemical parameters in groundwater; (2) quantify the concentrations of trace metals (Li, Be, B, Al, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, As Se, Mo, Cd, Sb, Ba and Pb) in groundwater and compare the observed concentrations of metals with the national and international drinking water quality guidelines and identify the areas where concentrations of metals are more than the permissible limits, so that people can avoid using the groundwater for drinking purposes from the affected areas; (3) evaluate the carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic health risks associated with selected concentrations of metals in humans via ingestion of, and dermal contact with water in the study area by habitant children and adults and compare the carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic health hazards results with acceptable level.


Vikas Duggal


Dr. Vikas Duggal, specializing in Radiation Physics, published 4 books and 36 research papers in reputed international journals. He also presented 22 research papers in national and international conferences. He is actively engaged in some nationally/internationally significant research projects. He is reviewer of several international journals.

Number of Pages:


Book language:


Published On:




Publishing House:

LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing


Groundwater, Heavy metals, risk assessment, Carcinogenic risk, Non-carcinogenic risk, Northeast Rajasthan, HR-ICP-MS, Ingestion, Dermal, Excess Lifetime Cancer Risk

Product category:

SCIENCE / Chemistry / General