The testimony of the sighted crescent in Rihla Ibn Jubayr al-Andalusy during his journey from Spain to Mecca in Saudi Arabia from 578 AH - 581 AH to carry out the pilgrimage was something interesting to be analyzed from Astronomic and Fiqh Perspective. The Hijri calendar system in that era was a monthly calendar. The determination of begining of the month was based on normative sighting. The most successful sighting was on one day after a conjunction occured. Although at that time air pollution was not as severe as it is today, it was quite difficult to sight the crescent with the naked eye even though it’s altitude was more than 5 degrees.
Nur Aris was born in Batang Regency on September 3, 1975 AD. He was graduated from the Doctoral Program at the State Islamic University of Walisongo Semarang in 2016 AD, and was major in Islamic Astronomy. He has been a lecturer at Kudus State Institute for Islamic Studies since 2001 AD till now with the course of Islamic Legal Philosophy.
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LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing
testimony, Astronomic and Fiqh Perspective, Hijri calendar
POLITICAL SCIENCE / General