French bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L., 2n=22) of family Fabaceae is a nutritious vegetable consumed as tender pods, shelled beans and dry beans. It has many synonyms like snap bean, kidney bean, haricot bean and also called rajmash in Hindi. French bean has evolved from wild growing vine distributed in the high lands of Middle-America and Andes. These two domestications led to two groups of cultivars with contrasting agronomic characteristics. During this evolution, some marked changes has affected this plant from climbing to dwarf plants has taken place both in the middle American and Andean domestication centres (Schoonhoven and Voysest, 1991). The French bean is one of the most important leguminous vegetables. It is grown for the tender vegetable, shelled green beans and dry beans. In India it is grown for tender vegetable, while in the USA it is grown for processing in large quantities. Green beans are found in two major groups, bush beans and pole beans. Bush beans are short plants, growing to approximately two feet in height, without requiring supports. They generally reach maturity and produce all of their fruit in a relatively short period of time.
Dr. Gangadhara K graduated in Horticulture from UAS, Dharwad and PG Horticulture from UHS, Bagalkot, Karnataka. PhD in Plant Breeding and Genetics from KAU, Thrissur, Kerala. Presently, he is working as a Scientist in Horticulture at ICAR-CHES, Godhra, Gujarat. He has been awarded with University Gold Medal for outstanding academics.
R. C. Jagadeesha
Number of Pages:
LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing
GENETIC VARIABILITY, Divergence, diallel analysis, Sliced green french beans, cooking dish, Vegetables, Ingredients, French bean
SCIENCE / Horticulture