A model of articial heart based on ferromagnetic mass actuated by an electromagnet

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In this work a preliminary study is performed in order to propose a new approach to tackle the increasing demand of heart transplant by the use of artificial heart. One solution is developed taking as basis a ferromagnetic blade fixed on a spring and subjected to an electromagnet under variable current. Two derivations of the device are done to obtain left ventricular assist device and biventricular assist device, known respectively in the literature as partial artificial heart and total artificial heart since the pumping function is performed mainly by the ventricles. As results, both devices exhibit subharmonic oscillations that can be used to pump blood and present an intrinsic instability; an efficient approach to control the instability is presented. Furthermore, the interest of the device is based on translation movement allowing the pumping function in all directions; blood ow frequency servo-control to adapt pumping function of the left ventricular assist device to body needs; unstationary ow induced by blood ow frequency servo-control and the possibility to obtain heartbeat like pumping function with induced bursting in the pump.


Theodore Lejuste Abobda


Lejuste Théodore Abobda graduated from the University of Yaoundé 1, Cameroon since 2015, with a PhD in physics. Following the logic of his Master thesis topic, automation of diabetic taking care, he is focusing intensively on the development of artificial organs, energy sources integrator and application of a new class of 3D and nD complex numbers.

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Éditions universitaires européennes


Ferromagnetic mass, Electromagnet, Bursting oscillations, Pullin, frequency servo-control, Artificial heart, Biventricular assist device, Left ventricular assist device

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SCIENCE / Mechanics