978-613-8-84040-4

Examining claims of long-range molecular order in water molecules

Does water really have a fourth phase?

Regular price
€59,90
Sale price
€59,90
Regular price
Sold out
Unit price
per 
Shipping calculated at checkout.

Summary:

The importance of water to all life on Earth cannot be overstated. Although it is considered a simple liquid, water has been under intense scrutiny at the molecular scale for several decades. The directional nature of hydrogen bonds ensures that water molecules are not random but have a great propensity towards order, particularly at the interface of other substances. This study investigates some recent claims of long-range ordering of interface water molecules, giving rise to a phase between liquid and solid.

Author:

Peter Spencer

Biographie:

Peter Spencer began his career studying Industrial Design with a focus on innovation. He has since investigated molecular physics and its medical applications. Peter is currently studying chemistry with an aim to complete a PhD.

Number of Pages:

116

Book language:

English

Published On:

2019-07-26

ISBN:

978-613-8-84040-4

Publishing House:

Scholars' Press

Keywords:

Structured Water, Nafion, Magnetised Water, Interface water, Birefringence

Product category:

SCIENCE / Physics