Human Rights Violations and Foreign Non-Contractual Civil Liability

Merida Initiative and United States Tort Claims Act

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The Merida Initiative is a program to fight illicit narcotics trafficking and criminal organizations throughout the Western Hemisphere signed by Mexico and the United States in 2007. It authorizes the United States to aid Mexico in counternarcotic and countertrafficking activities, operational technology, public security, etc. On the other hand, the Alien Tort Claims Act allows foreigners to seek remedies in US courts for violation of human rights committed outside of the United States. Petitioners must be alien and claim to have been the victim of a prejudice or tort, which constitutes a violation to the law of nations. The claim can be made when there are no adequate remedies in the place where the prejudice or tort occurred. The Mérida Initiative have deepened human rights violations in Mexico.U.S. funds, firearms, technology and other resources allocated through the Merida Initiative are used in Mexico for violation of human rights. These violations touch and concern the territory of the United States with sufficient force. Thus, the Alien Tort Claims Act can be invoked by Mexican victims of such violations under the framework of the Merida Initiative.


Pastora Melgar Manzanilla


Pastora Melgar Manzanilla is a Doctor in Law with more than 10 years experience as a Professor at undergraduate and postgraduate levels. Currently she is a full-time Professor and Researcher. Daniel Márquez Gómez is a Doctor in Law and undergraduate in philosophy. He is a full-time researcher.


Daniel Márquez Gómez


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Publishing House:

Editorial Académica Española


Human rights, violation, Civil, liability, narcotics trafficking, criminal organizations

Product category:

LAW / General