Agriculture plays an important role in the European economy by producing food, feed, and raw material for many other industries (fibre, biofuels, furniture, etc.). Even though it’s share within the economy and employment is continuously decreasing, it can contribute to the trade balance. It was a crucial question whether the Central and Eastern European countries were able to use the significant supports which could help them to maximise their productivity without forgetting about sustainability or environmental protection. Distribution of the payments varied from country to country, as well as national policies, which resulted in different production levels, production structure and international trade performances. Out of the 11 new member states, only 6 have an agricultural trade balance (Bulgarian, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland). The accession had the greatest positive impact on Poland which transformed from a net importer, into the largest exporter of agricultural goods by 2005. For the Baltic countries, the 2007/2008 global crisis resulted in the same effect, mostly by import decline. Success factors are differing, but the higher level process does matter.
Tamas Mizik is an associate professor at the Department of Agricultural Sciences and Rural Development, Corvinus University of Budapest, Hungary. He holds a PhD in economics. He works for international organizations as an expert. His main fields of interest are agricultural policies and trade, biofuels and competitiveness.
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LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing
CAP, agriculture, International Trade, trade suprlus, Trade Deficit, Hungary, Poland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, EU, European Union, Enlargement, 2004, Bulgaria
BUSINESS & ECONOMICS / General