978-613-9-82107-5

Immune Functions and Metabolic Status of Growing Buffalo Calves

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Summary:

Buffaloes are the backbone of the Indian dairy industry, where they contribute about 54.5% of the total milk production (Economic survey, Govt. of India 2008- 2009). Though anatomically the buffaloes are very similar to cattle, they are physiologically different in many aspects including early embryonic loss and high neonatal mortality (Banerjee, 1998) causing a heavy drain on economics of livestock production. A survey of 28 livestock farms spread in 14 states of the country depicted mortality rate of 27.03% in calves, 7.49% in young stock and 5.13% in adult bull (Rathore, 1998). Acharya (1988) reported 29.1% and 38.85% mortality in cattle and buffalo calves up to 3 months of age respectively. Ramakrishna (2007) reported higher mortality rates (51.8%) in buffalo calves below one month of age in Andhra Pradesh. Thus, higher neonatal morbidity and mortality are the major cause of economic loss in livestock production.

Author:

Anil Kumar Singh

Biographie:

Anil Kumar Singh - Master of Veterinary Science in Animal Physiology, National Dairy Research Institute (Deemed University), Karnal (Haryana).

Author:

Sujata Pandita

Biographie:

Number of Pages:

148

Book language:

English

Published On:

2019-09-16

ISBN:

978-613-9-82107-5

Publishing House:

LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing

Keywords:

Buffalo Calves, Colostrum, Immunoglobulin G, metabolites, nitric oxide, vitamin E

Product category:

MEDICAL / Veterinary Medicine / General