Buffaloes are the backbone of the Indian dairy industry, where they contribute about 54.5% of the total milk production (Economic survey, Govt. of India 2008- 2009). Though anatomically the buffaloes are very similar to cattle, they are physiologically different in many aspects including early embryonic loss and high neonatal mortality (Banerjee, 1998) causing a heavy drain on economics of livestock production. A survey of 28 livestock farms spread in 14 states of the country depicted mortality rate of 27.03% in calves, 7.49% in young stock and 5.13% in adult bull (Rathore, 1998). Acharya (1988) reported 29.1% and 38.85% mortality in cattle and buffalo calves up to 3 months of age respectively. Ramakrishna (2007) reported higher mortality rates (51.8%) in buffalo calves below one month of age in Andhra Pradesh. Thus, higher neonatal morbidity and mortality are the major cause of economic loss in livestock production.
Anil Kumar Singh
Anil Kumar Singh - Master of Veterinary Science in Animal Physiology, National Dairy Research Institute (Deemed University), Karnal (Haryana).
Number of Pages:
LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing
Buffalo Calves, Colostrum, Immunoglobulin G, metabolites, nitric oxide, vitamin E
MEDICAL / Veterinary Medicine / General