Beta carotene is a precursor of vitamin A. The human body converts β-Carotene into vitamin A (retinol). We need vitamin A for healthy skin and mucus membranes, our immune system, good eye health and vision. Beta carotene in itself is not an essential nutrient, but vitamin A is. Beta carotene's chemical formula - C40H56 - was discovered in 1907. Vitamin A can be sourced from the food we eat, through beta carotene, for example, or in supplement form. The advantage of dietary beta carotene is that the body only converts as much as it needs. β-Carotene is an organic, strongly colored red-orange pigment abundant in plants and fruits. It is a member of the carotenes, which are terpenoids (isoprenoids), synthesized biochemically from eight isoprene units and thus having 40 carbons. Among the carotenes, β-carotene is distinguished by having beta-rings at both ends of the molecule. β-Carotene is biosynthesized from geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate. Isolation of β-carotene from fruits abundant in carotenoids is commonly done using column chromatography. It can also be extracted from the beta-carotene rich algae (Dunaliella salina). The separation of β-carotene is possible by non polar compounds.
Ms Deepa Indoria
The author is working in KVK, Chittorgarh, MPUAT, Udaipur. She received Outstanding KVK Team award 2016, Best Associate Scientist Award 2017, Best Extension work Award 2019 and published 25 research papers in different National and International journals, 54 Articles in Different magazines, 18 Radio talks, 18 Training Manuals, 4 Technical Booklets.
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LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing
degradation, B-carotine, Blaching, pigment, Health, nutrition
SCIENCE / Horticulture