Mechanism of action of Electro-Chemically Activated Water

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The Electro-Chemically Activated (ECA) water technology and its capacity to produce distinct and differentiated energised water solutions was first described in the early 1950’s. The technology was refined in the Moscow laboratory of Prof Bakhir et. al. and its near universal applications as a new generation disinfectant has flourished since the mid 1990’s. Today, the ECA technology, as a safe and effective disinfectant and biofilm control remedy has gained global traction with multiple installations in high risk food, beverage factories and dental and medical institutions. Prior to the late 2000’s, the definitive mechanisms of antimicrobial action of the ECA solutions had previously not been elucidated and reported on and this treatise on the ECA technology was collated to provide a benchmark of understanding to complement the burgeoning research efforts relating to the technology.


Robin Kirkpatrick


With foundation qualifications in Natural and Veterinary Science, I also hold an MBA in Entrepreneurship and a PhD in Microbiology. I was foremost in the development and global commercialisation of the Electrochemically Activated water (ECA) technology and have developed a definitive and immediate water quality assurance test - Carbotect™.

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Publishing House:

LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing


ElectroChemcial Activation, ECA, water, anolyte, catholyte, Mechanism of Antimicrobial action, applications

Product category:

SCIENCE / Microbiology