978-620-2-67330-3

Ocimum basilicum: Chemical profile and biological potentials

Essential oil of Ocimum basilicum Linn leaves from the Pre-Amazon region of Maranhao (Brazil)

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Summary:

Ocimum basilicum Linn, belonging to the Family Lamiaceae, is a species of great economic value, standing out for its medicinal use, being also used for the production of essential oils (EOs) and in the food industry. This study aimed to evaluate the chemical profile, total phenolics, antioxidant activity, toxicity and larvicidal activity of EO extracted from the leaves of O. basilicum L. Methyl chavicol and linalool were quantified as the major components in the EO obtained and biological properties were attributed to them. The EO was considered nontoxic by the criterion adopted. Total phenolic content totaled 440,121 mg EAT g-1. The best antioxidant results were obtained for the DPPH radical in IC50. The action of the was observed as larvicidal where the LC50 of 43.84 mg L-1 was determined, being efficient. The results obtained allowed to conclude that the EO studied presented efficient larvicidal activity against the larvae of Aedes aegypti, being important and encouraged its use and application.

Author:

Gustavo Oliveira Everton

Biographie:

Master in Health and Environment: Biotechnology applied to health by the Federal University of Maranhão. Researcher in Laboratory of Research and Application of Essential Oils, Federal University of Maranhão. He received merit honor in 2017 from the Federal University of Maranhão (UFMA) for his performance as a researcher.

Author:

Nilton Silva Costa Mafra

Biographie:

Author:

Victor Elias Mouchrek Filho

Biographie:

Number of Pages:

56

Book language:

English

Published On:

2020-06-23

ISBN:

978-620-2-67330-3

Publishing House:

LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing

Keywords:

toxicity, Ocimum, larvicidal

Product category:

MUSIC / General