East African farmers have been facing low crop productivity as indicated by low yields of major staples, maize and rice, leading to food insecurity. As a result, the respective governments have offered solutions such as the introduction of high yielding maize and rice varieties. Farmers have expanded their farms into productive areas such as wetlands in an attempt to increase output to counter the effects of climate change complications, population pressure, and the declining productivity in the upland fields. Agricultural production is done under different agricultural land-use management systems including; upland-rainfed, upland-irrigated, and wetland-only. Continuous pressure on wetlands compromises wetlands’ capacity to offer other critical ecosystem services.Productive efficiency will ensure increased output with reduced wetland degradation, especially from further drainage. The objectives of this study were to identify the determinants of productivity, assess technical, allocative, and economic efficiency under the different systems, and determine the factors influencing productive efficiency.
Philip Ng'ang'a Kamau
Philip Ng'ang'a Kamau holds the degree of Master of Science in Agricultural Economics, School of Agriculture and Enterprise Development, KENYATTA UNIVERSITY.
Number of Pages:
LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing
Efficiency, Maize, Farmers, land-use
SCIENCE / Horticulture