Candida albicans is an opportunistic diploid fungus that causes infection in immunocompromised and debilitated patients. Wide spread and prolonged usage of azoles in recent years has led to the rapid development of the phenomenon of azole resistance which poses a major threat to antifungal therapy. Various mechanisms contribute towards the development of resistance in Candida such as overexpression of pumps encoded by genes belonging to ATP-Binding Cassette (ABC) and Major Facilitator Superfamilies of transporters (MFS), and/or mutations in the target enzyme of azoles etc. Based on several studies, a close interaction between membrane lipids and drug extrusion pump proteins has been realized. It has been shown that the action of antifungals is modulated by subtle modification of the membrane lipid composition.
Dr Ritu Pasrija is an Assistant Professor in the Biochemistry Department of Maharshi Dayanand University in Rohtak, Haryana.She has an experience of 14 years in teaching & research. She did her doctoral studies from Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi. She was recipient of Research Fellowship from CSIR and published several international papers
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LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing
Candida, drug resistance, Fungal pathogens
MEDICAL / General