The initial 5G network technology deployments will assume non-standalone (NSA) in the mid broad bands, although the approach has been normalized to supports operators to reuse the existing 4G Evolved Packet Core (EPC) networks, providing software upgrade requirements for NSA maintenance. The Standalone (SA) 5G network technology is estimated to succeed first in low/mid broad bands, offering enormous coverage extensions and exceeding interior penetration more than the high broad bands, performing exceedingly well from both marketing and business ecosystem while enabling the end-to-end (e2e) 5G Systems and 5G network Core to be established . All the subsisting spectrum that consolidated on 4G network technology will be migrated efficiently to 5G network technology framework as time progresses, minimizing the prevalence of 4G as 5G technology have encapsulated the same band. The spectrum migration and combinations for both broad bands and technologies (4G and 5G) are fundamental for the planned progression of the novel 5G network technology. There exist several possibilities for encapsulation and combinations of broad bands plus technological innovations for 4G and 5G.
Ugochukwu O. Matthew
Ugochukwu O. Matthew , Engr. Dr. Jazuli S. Kazaure & Engr. Chibueze N. Ubochi are all seasoned IT professionals with several years of Academics and Industrial practices. This book characterized several activities that dominated their individual research and collective academic engagements in the recent time.
Engr. Dr. Jazuli S. Kazaure
Engr. Chibueze N. Ubochi
Number of Pages:
LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing
Electromagnetic Fields; Wireless Radiation; Non-ionizing Radiation ;Mobile Networking Technology; 5G Network Adverse Health Effects; Toxic dipolar Stimulus combinations, Healthcare, Internet Of Things (IoT), Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, Big Data Technology.
TECHNOLOGY / Electronics / General