Social Barriers to, and Gender Gaps in

Educational Attainment Faced by Rural Citizens in China

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Spatial, financial and gender inequalities in educational attainment are significant in China despite a series of state educational reforms. Here financially disadvantaged rural Chinese girls are among the most educationally deprived.This research project examined the social barriers to gender equalities in rural Chinese educational contexts in order to identify impediments to educational advancement and, thus, career mobility and poverty reduction, especially for rural girls in the long-term. The research questions of this study were as follows: In what ways and to what extent do different social factors influence the gender gaps among rural Chinese students’ academic outcomes? The examined barriers were (a) gender, (b) parental educational attainment, (c) opportunities to practise Mandarin at home, (d) social welfare entitlement, (e) adequacy of educational facilities and (f) transport accessibility.


Jason Hung


Jason Hung held research attachments at Stanford University (2019), King’s College, London (2018-19), University of California, Berkeley (2018) and the University of Warwick (2017, 2016). His research interests encompass addressing social inequalities and how these affect disadvantaged populations in Chinese, Hong Kong and British contexts.

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LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing


financial and gender inequalities, educational attainment, China, Educational reforms, Research, educational advancement, study, rural Chinese students’, Social Welfare, human capital theory, HCT, Dependency Theory, DT

Product category:

SOCIAL SCIENCE / Sociology / General